Can A Refractometer Measure Alcohol? (Measure Alcohol With A Refractometer )

The parts of a refractometer

A refractometer is an instrument used to measure the concentration of a given substance in an aqueous solution. Brewers commonly use refractometers to measure sugar concentration in the wort, which can then be used to calculate beer or wine’s alcohol content. Refractometers are used widely used in the food industry. They are available with different…

How do you know fermentation is complete?

S-shaped airlocks

Fermentation is the most critical step in the brewing process when yeast turns the sugar in the wort into alcohol and carbon dioxide. Depending on the type of yeast used, the concentration of sugar in the wort and ambient temperature, fermentation will usually take between five days and several weeks to complete. Once fermentation stops,…

What Is Sparging In Beer Making?

Sparging is the last step in the lautering process

When you’re first getting into beer making it can often seem a lot like alchemy; part science, part magic and with a lot of strange words that more experienced brewers use to describe unknown and mystical procedures. Three words that come up a lot are lautering, sparging and vorlauf. But what do they mean and…

Easy Viking Mead Recipe | How To Make Mead Step By Step

Viking mead ingredients - honey, water and yeast

Mead is the oldest alcoholic beverage known to man and is believed to have its origins in Asia, some 7,000 years ago. Probably discovered by accident, mead soon spread to other parts of the world and is known to have been consumed by the Ancient Greeks, Romans, Mayans and of course the Vikings. Early civilisations…

How Much Water Should I Put In A Homebrew Airlock? 

Three piece and S-shaped airlocks

Once you’ve pitched the yeast, it’s time to move the fermenter to a dark place and fit the airlock. Between eight and twelve hours later, carbon dioxide should start bubbling out through the airlock, indicating that fermentation is taking place. This brings us to the age-old homebrewer’s question of how much water should I put…

How To Measure Alcohol Content With A Hydrometer

Check the leaflet which came with your hydrometer to see whether you should read from the top or bottom of the meniscus

Once you’ve got your first couple of batches of homebrew under your belt, it’s time to start measuring the alcohol content of your beer. Not only is it good to know just how strong your beer is. It also helps you improve your brewing technique and, with practice, will help you consistently brew better beer.…

What Size Fermenter Do I Need? (Plastic VS Glass VS Metal and Sizes) 

A fifteen-litre plastic fermenting bucket, ideal for ten-litre batches

Fermenters come in a wide range of shapes and sizes to fit all budgets and home brewing needs. In this article, we compare the different sizes and styles of fermenters and discuss the pros and cons of each type. The first thing that you need to consider when purchasing a fermenter is size. During the…

How Much Equipment Do You Need To Brew Beer? (Beginners Guide)

Part of my small batch, all-grain, homebrew setup

So you’ve decided to try your hand at brewing your own beer? Good choice, there are few things in life more satisfying than pouring yourself a glass of beer that you’ve brewed yourself. It’s also a lot of fun. The first thing you’re asking yourself is probably something like: What equipment do I need to…