How do you know fermentation is complete?

three photos of an s-shaped airlock to illustrate how the airlock can show when fermentation is complete

Fermentation is the most critical step in the brewing process when yeast turns the sugar in the wort into alcohol and carbon dioxide. Depending on the type of yeast used, the concentration of sugar in the wort and …

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What Is Sparging In Beer Making?

Sparging the grain bed with water from a jug. Photo to illustrate the beer making process.

When you’re first getting into beer making it can often seem a lot like alchemy; part science, part magic and with a lot of strange words that more experienced brewers use to describe unknown and mystical procedures. Three …

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