Does Fermentation Increase Temperature? (Beer Fermentation Temperature)

Electronic thermometer

Beer fermentation temperature is one of the most critical factors which affect the quality and consistency of the flavour of your homebrew. Yeast works best within a specific temperature range. For most ale yeasts, this is between eighteen and twenty-two degrees Centigrade (65 to 72 degrees Fahrenheit). At higher temperatures, fermentation takes place more quickly.…

How Long Does Star San Take To Sanitize?

Star San courtesy Five Star Chemicals

The most common cause of bad-tasting homebrew is an infection caused by poor sanitation. Because of this, most homebrewers take great care to ensure that their equipment is correctly sanitised. The most popular sanitiser for home brewing is Star San by Five Star Chemicals. Star San is a no-rinse sanitiser that won’t taint your homebrew’s…

How Does Beer Become Alcoholic? (Process in plain English)

A gallon of home brewed mead

Ask any beer drinker what they like about their favourite beverage, and the chances are that the first thing they mention is flavour. Every beer has its own unique taste, which comes from the ingredients used to make it and from subtle changes in the brewing process. Another important characteristic of beer is alcohol content.…

How long do you brew beer? (Beer fermentation time chart)

Graph showing how yeast activity changes as fermentation takes place

If you’re new to home brewing, the chances are you’ve got a lot of questions that need to be answered before getting started. One of the first questions that most new brewers ask is how long do you brew beer? It usually takes between four and six weeks to brew beer. Most of the activity…

Can A Refractometer Measure Alcohol? (Measure Alcohol With A Refractometer )

The parts of a refractometer

A refractometer is an instrument used to measure the concentration of a given substance in an aqueous solution. Brewers commonly use refractometers to measure sugar concentration in the wort, which can then be used to calculate beer or wine’s alcohol content. Refractometers are used widely used in the food industry. They are available with different…

What Is A Protein Mash Rest | Infusion Mashing VS Step Mashing, which is best?

Gently stir the mash as you add the grain to prevent dough balls

It’s often been said that there are as many ways to brew beer as there are brewers. In fact, I don’t think that I know any two brewers who brew in exactly the same way. Some of the differences in brewing technique are pretty subtle, and others are so fundamental that they can be classed…

Should My Homemade Beer Taste Like Vinegar? (What is that smell?)

A selection of different types of vinegar

No matter how many times you’ve made beer in the past, it’s always exciting when you open the first bottle from a new batch. Will the hop aroma be as good as expected, will it be cloudy, or will my homemade beer taste like vinegar? We all make a bad batch of beer at one…

What Happens If You Ferment Beer Too Warm?

Electronic thermometer

Temperature control during fermentation is one of the most critical factors in home brewing and significantly impacts what your beer tastes like. Yeast has a temperature range where it works best. At the higher end of the temperature range fermentation is more vigorous. If the yeast gets too cold, it may stop fermenting all together.…

Do Beer Finings Kill Yeast?

Irish Moss

Finings are added to beer during the brewing process to help prevent it from being cloudy. They work by attaching themselves to protein molecules and yeast cells, causing them to sink to the bottom of the brew kettle or fermenter. Depending on the fining agents used, they are added either during the boil or in…

How do you know fermentation is complete?

S-shaped airlocks

Fermentation is the most critical step in the brewing process when yeast turns the sugar in the wort into alcohol and carbon dioxide. Depending on the type of yeast used, the concentration of sugar in the wort and ambient temperature, fermentation will usually take between five days and several weeks to complete. Once fermentation stops,…

What Is A Trappist Beer? What Does Trappist Beer Taste Like?

Trappist beer

Beer has been brewed in monasteries since the middle ages and, although they didn’t actually invent beer, it’s fair to say that monks played an important part in the development of beer as we know it. Medieval abbeys were basically self-sufficient and, in addition to praying, the monks used to work long hours in the…

What Is Sparging In Beer Making?

Sparging is the last step in the lautering process

When you’re first getting into beer making it can often seem a lot like alchemy; part science, part magic and with a lot of strange words that more experienced brewers use to describe unknown and mystical procedures. Three words that come up a lot are lautering, sparging and vorlauf. But what do they mean and…